Let’s take a quick look at the comparison between photosynthesis and respiration from the figure below. Additionally, respiration utilizes oxygen and releases carbon dioxide. ©2021 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Compare and contrast the major pathways of photosynthesis and respiration. Similarities between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis is an anabolic pathway which means the process takes smaller molecules and creates larger molecules. 2. Both are used in your everyday environment. Moreover, a further difference between respiration and photosynthesis is the place where it occurs. Cellular respiration, on the other hand, is a catabolic process that ends in the breakdown of carbohydrate; Photosynthesis happens only in those cells containing chlorophyll while cellular respiration happens in all cells and it is independent of chlorophyll. Photosynthesis takes CO2, H2O and Sun energy to form the larger molecule of Glucose and O2. 7. Photosynthesis occurs only in plants and certain types of bacteria, whereas cellular respiration can occur in both animals and plants. Sign up now, Latest answer posted May 04, 2016 at 1:36:39 PM, Latest answer posted September 12, 2012 at 10:58:53 PM, Latest answer posted September 28, 2015 at 5:15:56 PM, Latest answer posted March 26, 2016 at 10:30:32 PM, Latest answer posted August 22, 2013 at 7:50:20 PM. These are the two reciprocal process, with the same aim of obtaining energy but by using different … The similarities between photosynthesis and cellular respiration include both processes synthesize and use ATP, the energy currency. →Photosynthesis involve production of carbohydrate and respiration involve breaking of carbohydrate. → Both the process takes place in cell organelle which was considered as endosymbiotic organism. In other words, photosynthesis takes in carbon dioxide, water, and energy, and release oxygen and glucose (sugar). What are some differences and similarities between photosynthesis and respiration? Explain in your own words. Cellular respiration takes a glucose molecule and combines it with oxygen; the result is energy in the form of ATP, along with carbon dioxide and water as waste products. DIY: What are photosynthesis and cellular respiration? Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. What is the role of mitochondria in the cells? →Photosynthesis takes place in chloroplast, where as respiration takes place in mitochondria. 1. College Lecturer, Professional Researcher, Top subjects are Science, Social Sciences, and Law and Politics. Despite the difference between photosynthesis and respiration, both processes are interdependent. Both have 2 processes feeding into one main one: Cell Respiration utilizes Glycolysis and Citric Acid Cycle to funnel energized electrons to Oxidative Phosphorylation process, PSII and PSI provide ATP and reducing power to Calvin Cycle. On the contrary, photosynthesis occurs in green plants, which contain chlorophyll and uses sunlight and water to convert it into energy. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Steadyrun Portal is an initiative taken to make people aware of the educational topics related to compare and contrast the two things. What is the difference between saturated, unsaturated, and supersaturated? Mitochondria of cell respiration and chloroplasts of photosynthesis have distinct similarities, for example, as above, proton pumps pump H+ across a membrane from low to high concentration. While one is a forward event that seeks to capture, the other is a backward process that seeks to release. Carbon dioxide has the exact opposite chemical … They are different in that photosynthesis assembles the glucose molecule, while cellular respiration takes it apart. The win-win of the two processes is that they both provide each other with the necessary ingredients for the process to take place:  glucose and oxygen for cellular respiration, carbon dioxide and water for photosynthesis. They are chloroplast and Mitochondria, Photosynthesis takes place in Chloroplast where as respiration takes place in mitochondria. Some differences between photosynthesis and respiration are that photosynthesis only happens in sunlight while respiration happens constantly and that photosynthesis releases oxygen while respiration uses it. What are some similarities in photosynthesis and cellular respiration? While photosynthesis requires energy and produces food, cellular respiration breaks down food and releases energy. Chemiosmotic Hypothesis was proposed by Peter … Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration: Conclusion. → Photosynthesis occur only during presence of sunlight where as respiration occurs all the time. → At critical condition both have alternate pathway. A 'difference between' Site. Cellular respiration and photosynthesis are the two major processes by which animal and plant cells supply themselves with energy to carry out their life processes. Home; Animals; Plants; Human Biology; Physics; Chemistry; Life Sciences; 10 Differences between chemiosmosis in Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis . 6. Cellular respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water. The relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is such that the products of one system are the reactants of the other. Photosynthesis is the process where green plants use sunlight to manufacture their own food while cellular respiration is the process where cells breakdown glucose to release energy. Cellular respiration and photosynthesis are the two major processes by which animal and plant cells supply themselves with energy to carry out their life processes. Are you a teacher? Lets see some of the similarities between cell respiration and photosynthesis here on this page: 2. G-3-P is formed in both processes-In Glycolysis (cell respiration) and in Calvin cycle (photosynthesis). Top subjects are Science, Math, and Social Sciences, Photosynthesis                                       Respiration, -Occurs in plants only                            - Plants and animals, -CO2 + H2O  = Sugars + O2                  - Sugars + O2 = CO2 + H2O, -needs the energy coming from light       - Acquire energy from, -organisms of which are self sustaining    - they are dependent on, thus they create theri own food                 the products of, Oxygen is their by product                      -Carbon dioxide is their, needs energy                                          produces energy. Both use electron transport chains in production of ATP. ATP is a key molecule in each. They have the same reactions but accruing in reverse. G-3-P is formed in both processes-In Glycolysis (cell respiration) and in Calvin cycle (photosynthesis). 8. Respiration occurs in the mitochondria while photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplasts. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. Both photosynthesis and cellular respiration provide energy to the organism’s cells. In respiration, glucose and oxygen is yielded to carbon dioxide and water. How can you determine if a eukaryotic cell is from a plant or an animal? Similarities between photosynthesis and cellular respiration in terms of Energy Conservation: Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are two energy conversion mechanisms used by living cells to convert light and chemical energy respectively, into useful organic compounds important for their metabolic reactions. At the to… Cellular respiration takes place in the mitochondria of cells. These are the main differences between Photosynthesis and respiration. Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. 5. This is glucose, which can then be modified and combined with other glucose molecules to be stored as starches and complex sugars like fructose. Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Equation are as follow. Another difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that the former is an endothermic reaction, while the latter is exothermic. Chemiosmosis in Cellular Respiration vs chemiosmosis in Photosynthesis. It does not require the presence of sunlight and is always occurring in living organisms. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. "Similarities Between Photosynthesis And Cellular Respiration" Essays and Research Papers . They may be thought of as mirror images of each other; together they represent a "win-win" situation in the game of life. Both use chemiosmosis to generate ATP. Cellular respiration takes place in the every living organisms, as it is the simple process of converting oxygen and glucose into carbon dioxide and water and ultimately producing energy for the cells of the body. What are the some example of a solution, solvent, and solute. 3. The topics are organized into a range of categories from Kindergarten school to higher professional studies, from history to general awareness. Likewise, for the cellular respiration to occur, the presence of catalysts is not necessary; as in the case of photosynthesis where the reaction occurs only in the presence of chlorophyll. Similarities:-In both photosynthesis and cellular respiration, hydrogen ions are pumped from an area of low hydrogen ion concentration to an area of high hydrogen ion concentration. In Photosynthesis, carbon dioxide and water is yielded to glucose and oxygen. Start studying similarities and differences between photosynthesis and respiration. Some similarities between the two are that both produce energy and involve the exchange of gases. Similarities Between Photosynthesis And Cellular Respiration. The chloroplast uses the energy harnessed from these photons and their interaction with the cytochromes and other proteins to drive the formation of glucose. Both rely on movement of electrons for operation. In contrast, photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and releases oxygen. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are in many respects the “reverse” of one another. The end result is glucose, with oxygen being the waste product. Hence in photosynthesis you have the light dependent reactions and the dark reactions while in respiration there is aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration. The two processes are similar in that they both produce energy, albeit in two different forms. Compare and contrast the major pathways of photosynthesis and respiration. Photosynthesis involves the use of energy from sunlight, water and carbon dioxide to produce glucose and oxygen. Top subjects are Science, Literature, and Social Sciences. → In photosynthesis process Oxygen is released where as in respiration Oxygen is utilised. Photosynthesis takes carbon dioxide and combines it with water, enabled by radiant energy, usually from the sun. 4. Photosynthesis cannot occur without cellular respiration and cellular respiration certainly cannot occur without the photosynthesis. The connection between photosynthesis and the evolution of organisms that use cellular respiration for energy? The website provides you with all sufficient information on various topics. How can you tell if a cell is photosynthetic? Both utilize cycles where starting material is regenerated after molecules leave the cycles (Citric acid cycle Cell Respiration, Calvin cycle Photosynthesis). What organelles do the two processes take place in? The key difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose and oxygen while cellular respiration utilizes glucose and oxygen to produce energy, carbon dioxide, and water. Processes in photosynthesis are divided on basis of requirement of sunlight while respiration processes are divided on basis of requirement of oxygen. Photosynthesis is an anabolic process, whereas cellular respiration is a catabolic process. Sugar Respiration in Yeast. The chemical equation describing photosynthesis is: 6CO2+6H20+energy--> 6O2 + C6H12O6. It is interesting to note the structural similarities between Chlorophyll, that plays an important role in photosynthesis and Haemoglobin that is involved in cellular respiration. This video compares and contrasts Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Already a member? Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. Core Difference between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis. Steadyrun focuses on the similarities and differences between two or more things. if You notice both these equations are reflecting each other that’s why we … The main difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that photosynthesis is an anabolic process, where the synthesis of organic compounds occurs, storing energy whereas cellular respiration is a catabolic process, where the stored organic compounds are … The largest difference between cellular respiration and fermentation is the presence or absence of oxygen. A catabolic process page: similarities between photosynthesis and cellular respiration between cellular respiration is a catabolic process contrary, photosynthesis occurs green. Carbons, 12 hydrogens, and supersaturated chloroplast and mitochondria, photosynthesis occurs in the?! Regenerated after molecules leave the cycles ( Citric acid cycle cell respiration ) and Calvin... 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